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  • An Energy Efficient and Load Balancing Clustering Scheme for Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) Based on Distributed Approach
  • One of the most critical problem and challenging in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is to reduce energy consumption in order to prolong network lifetime of WSNs. Clustering technique is one of the techniques which have been used to provide energy efficiency.. However Most of clustering schemes select the cluster head either randomly without considered important parameters or based on centralized approach by utilizing the base station which can affect the network scalability. In addition, single hop communication is used by CHs to forward their sensed data to the CH which lead to increases energy consumption of CHs in large scale network. Therefore in this paper clustering scheme is proposed based on distributed approach, different parameters are consider for cluster head selection and also for multi-hop communication. Results shows that the proposed scheme have better performance in term of energy consumption and number of alive sensor nodes.

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